Vol 6, No 2 (2012)

Articles

Anesthesia and analgesia in oncology: what are the determinants of choice?

Ovechkin A.M.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):5-15
pages 5-15 views

Perioperative single dose ketorolac to prevent postoperative pain: A meta-analysis of randomized trials

Oliveira G.S., Agarwal D., Benzon H.T.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):16-31
pages 16-31 views

The effect of oxitocine on intraoperative nausea and vomiting development during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Pogodin A.M., Shifman E.M.

Abstract

The goal of the study was to investigate the effect of various doses and methods of oxitocine infusion on incidence of Intraoperative Nausea and Vomiting (IONV). IONV frequency analysis was performed in 100 parturients undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Different ways were used for intraoperative entering of oxitone. The combination of intravenous and endometrial introduction of oxytocin during cesarean section was the most optimal for reducing of IONV incidence.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):32-36
pages 32-36 views

Potentially toxic concentrations in blood of total ropivacaine after bilateral transversus abdominis plane blocks; a pharmacokinetic study

Torup H., Mitchell A.U., Breindahl T., Hansen E.G., Rosenberg J., Møller A.M.

Abstract

Elevated blood levels of lidocaine and ropivacaine have been described after transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. Objective was to investigate the pharmacokinetic profile of ropivacaine after bilateral TAP blocks. Twenty-one adult patients presenting for abdominopelvic surgery with bilateral TAP blocks were enrolled. Ultrasound-guided TAP blocks with bilateral injections of 20ml ropivacaine 0.5 % w/v (total dose 200mg) were performed. Blood was sampled at 0, 10, 30 and 60min after TAP blocks.Total and free peak blood concentrations (Cmax) of Ropivacaine were measured. TAP blocks with bilateral injections of 20ml ropivacaine 0.5 % w/v gave rise to potentially toxic peak blood concentrations of total ropivacaine in one-third of the patients.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):37-42
pages 37-42 views

The paravertebral block for lung resection in oncology

Kornilov A.A., Zabusov A.V., Lyuboshevskiy P.A., Lileev D.V., Kosarev E.Y.

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to compare recovery of respiratory function after cancer lung resection for patients with systemic opioid analgesia and with paravertebral blockade. 80 patients with lung cancer were included in prospective randomized investigation. In comparison group we used phentanyl, paracetamol, tramadol, in main group - paravertebral blockade. Paravertebral blockade after cancer lung resection provides higher level of analgesia than systemic opiod analgesia. This is accompanied by significant improvement in spirometric indices and oxygenation.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):43-45
pages 43-45 views

Effect of anesthesia on the neurovegetative stability, tissue perfusion and microcirculation in the foot and ankle surgery

Murashova N.A., Zabusov A.V., Larionov S.V.

Abstract

The article presents data on the early postoperative period in 75 patients with trauma of the distal lower extremities, depending on the type of anesthetic management. We compared patients with isolated spinal anesthesia, patients with spinal anesthesia combined with local anesthesia of the area of surgery and patients with a combination of spinal, local and conduction anesthesia of peripheral nerves of the lower extremity. It is proved that the most preferable option is the use of complex anesthetic management, including spinal, local and regional anesthesia. This type of anesthesia allows reliable control of pain syndrome, ensures stable parameters of vegetative homeostasis in the early postoperative period, improves the microcirculation and tissue perfusion.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):46-49
pages 46-49 views

Selected chapters from monograph «Spinal Anesthesia in Obstetrics» Chapter 3. Neurophysiologic basics of spinal anesthesia

Shifman E.M., Filippovich G.V.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):50-61
pages 50-61 views

New potentialities in postoperative analgesia

Khalikova E.Y., Alexeeva T.M., Lapkina I.V.
Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management. 2012;6(2):62-66
pages 62-66 views
pages 67-71 views

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